Hermaphrodite, sometimes cleistogamous, or less frequently polygamodioecious shrubs or trees with contact dermatitis-causing exudate. Leaves evergreen or deciduous, alternate, simple, trifoliolate, or imparipinnate, petiolate; leaflets opposite, petiolulate, entire or weakly toothed; hairy tuft domatia sometimes present in secondary vein axils abaxially. Inflorescences terminal and/or axillary panicles or pleiothyrsoids; flowers pedicellate; perianth 5-parted; calyx short-cupulate; corolla valvate or subvalvate; androecium diplostemonous; stamens sometimes of unequal lengths; filaments subulate; anthers dorsifixed, connective extended slightly above anthers; disk glabrous, 10-crenulate; carpels 3; style short; stigma 3-lobed; ovule pendulous, lateral or subapical. Drupe laterally compressed, oblique, crowned by vestigial style, 1-locular; exocarp orange, red, to brown; mesocarp thin, fleshy; endocarp chartaceous. Seed with flattened embryo.
Ten to fifteen Andean and Central American species: El Salvador south to eastern Venezuela and extreme northern Argentina.
Original Publication: Mauria Kunth, Ann. Sci. Nat. I, 2: 338 (1824).