Operculicarya H. Perrier
Dioecious shrubs or small trees with swollen trunks (especially basally) and gummy exudate. Leaves deciduous, alternate, imparipinnate, nearly sessile to short petiolate, usually microphyllous; rhachis usually alate; leaflets opposite to subopposite, sessile to short-petiolulate, entire. Female inflorescence of up to 4 flowers or reduced to a solitary flower, rarely multiflorate, axillary or on tip of short shoot; male inflorescence arising from short shoots and often reduced to one flower or in spicate to paniculate solitary or fascicled inflorescences. Flowers sessile or pedicellate, articulate; perianth (4)5(6)-parted, imbricate or apert; corolla creamy-yellow; androecium diplostemonous; anthers introrse, dorsifixed; pistillode very reduced, 3–5-cleft; staminodes reduced; disk glabrous, crenate; carpels 5; styles 5, often 4 are very reduced; stigma 1, shortly-glandular; ovule apical. Drupe sub-globose, 1(2)-locular; endocarp stony, with one operculum; exocarp red to black. Seed with horseshoe-shaped embryo.
Eight species in Madagascar, the Comoros, and Aldabra.
Original Publication: Operculicarya H. Perrier, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. II, 118 (7): 248 (1944)
Bibliography: Eggli, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Paris IV, 17, sect. B, Adansonia: 149–158 (1995), rev.; Randrianasolo & Lowry, Adansonia III, 28: 359–371 (2006), rev.