Scutinanthe Thwaites

Dioecious trees; outer bark smooth and with hoop marks, sometimes scaly, resin translucent to cream-colored. Pith of branchlets and of petioles without vascular bundles. Leaves evergreen, exstipulate, imparipinnate; pulvinuli apparent on terminal and lateral petiolules; leaflets entire; composite admedial tertiary veins often present, freely ending veinlets 4+-branched. Inflorescences axillary.  Perianth 5-parted, valvate; receptacle cupular, forming a hypanthium with the calyx; calyx lobed, with an inflexed apiculum; petals distinct, with inflexed apiculum; stamens in two subequal series; filaments flattened and deltate, apparently connate at base but inserted on rim of disk; pollen heteropolar, tricolporate lobed-vestibulate; disk adnate to receptacle and not easily distinguished from it; pistillode subcylindrical, provided with reduced locules and ovules; stigma capitate or sub-peltate; ovary ovoid, 3-locular; stigma sub-peltate, sometimes slightly 3-lobed.  Fruit a compound, indehiscent drupe, ellipsoid to ovoid and slightly oblique; 5-parted calyx persistent; pericarp fleshy, edible; pyrene bony, 1-seeded; the two aborted locules strongly compressed, forming an articulated, non-detachable plate on periphery of pyrene. Cotyledons entire, contortuplicate.  Germination epigeal, phanerocotylar; first eophylls simple and alternate.

Two spp., in Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and SE Sumatra.

Original Publication: Scutinanthe Thwaites in Hook. Kew Journ. 8: 266, t. 8 (1856)

Synonyms: Santiriopsis Engl. (1890).

Bibliography: Leenhouts, Fl. Males. I, 5: 246–249 (1956).

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Tropicos – Scutinanthe